Potassium Iodide Solution
Potassium iodide tablets are used for the prevention and treatment of endemic goitre, preoperative preparation for hyperthyroidism, and hyperthyroidism. This product is iodine tonic. Potassium iodide can have two effects on thyroid function depending on the dose.
1. In the prevention and treatment of endemic(simple) goitre, a small dose of iodine is given as a raw material for the supply of iodine to synthesize thyroxine, correcting the excessive secretion of thyroxine from the original pituitary gland and reducing the enlarged thyroid gland.
2. Large doses of iodine are used as anti-thyroid drugs to temporarily control hyperthyroidism. This may prevent free thyroid hormone release into the blood by inhibiting thyroid globulin hydrolase, which is fast and strong, but not lasting. The short-term inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis, and the inhibition after continuous administration can disappear, resulting in more hyperthyroidism symptoms. Therefore, it is only used for thyroid crisis to rapidly improve symptoms, and must be combined with the use of thiourea drugs.
Large doses of iodine can also counter the thyroxine effect of the pituitary gland, causing the thyroid tissue to shrink and harden and reduce blood vessels to facilitate surgery. This effect reached a peak in 2 weeks of medication. Therefore, patients with hyperthyroidism should take thiourea drugs for a period of time before surgery. After the symptoms and basal metabolic rate are basically controlled, the drug should be used before surgery for 2 weeks. After taking the drug, it can also improve the symptoms of sudden eyes, slow down the heart rate and reduce the metabolic rate.
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