1-iodobutane is a colorless liquid, which is insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol and ether. 1-iodobutane in China has an excellent reputation globally. Here is a brief introduction to it:
Properties and stability of 1-iodobutane:
1. Light or permanent discoloration. 1-iodobutane is inflammable. In case of open fire, high heat and oxidant, it may cause combustion and explosion. When heated, it will release toxic iodide vapor. It is prone to nucleophilic substitution reaction; it can be reduced to butane by concentrated hydroiodic acid; it can also azeotrope with potassium hydroxide alcohol solution to generate butene.
2. Stability: stable
3. Prohibited substances: strong oxidant, strong alkali
4. Polymerization hazard: non polymerization
5. Decomposition product: hydrogen iodide
It is harmful to the body if it is accidentally inhaled, taken orally or absorbed through the skin. It has an irritating effect on eyes, skin, mucous membranes and respiratory tract. Symptoms of poisoning include burning sensation, cough, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and vomiting. If a leak is discovered, people in the leaked contaminated area should be quickly evacuated to a safe area and isolated, and access must be strictly restricted. Cut off the fire. It is suggested that emergency treatment personnel should wear self-contained positive pressure breathing apparatus and fire-fighting protective clothing. Cut off the leakage source as much as possible to prevent it from entering into the restricted space such as sewers and flood discharge ditches.
1-iodobutane can be widely used in medical industry applications as well as in human and animal nutrition products, such as preservatives and disinfectants, pharmaceutical intermediates, and polarizing films of liquid crystal display chemicals. In addition, iodine derivatives are also used as organic structural units and analytical reagents.