The fumigant market is classified into liquid, gaseous and solid. On the basis of type, the market is divided into metal potassium, 1,3 di-chloropropene, methyl bromide, metal sodium, chloropicrin, dazomet, methyl iodide, dimethyl disulfide, phosphine and other types. Depending on the application, the market is segmented into warehouse, crop based, soil, non crop based, vegetable field, cereal field and other applications.
Clearly, the farm industry needs a fumigant, but this chemical is not selective and would be more persistent in the environment than the more volatile methyl bromide, which admittedly needs to be replaced.
appears as a colorless liquid that turns brown on exposure to light. Denser than water. Contact may irritate skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Very toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption.
Methyl iodide is a member of the class of iodomethanes that is methane in which one of the hydrogens is replaced by iodine. It has a role as a fumigant insecticide. It is a member of methyl halides and a member of iodomethanes.
Methyl iodide is one of the strongest alkylating agents known. As a result, its use raises serious health issues for all living organisms.